|第3题：美术图示题（本题 8 分）|
|第10题：If you want to help children develop language and speech skills , ucla researchers say , listening to what they have to say is just as important as talking to them|
The effect of a conversation between a child and an adult is about six times as great as the effect of adult speech input alone , the researchers found . adults speaking to children helps language develop , but what matters much more is the interaction , said the study s lead author frederick zimmerman , an associate professor in the school of Public health at the university of califomia , los angeles . the researchers also found that tv viewing didn t have much of an effect - positively or negatively - as long as it wash t displacing conversations between an adult and a child .
The ucla study included 2 7 5 families with children between 2 months and 4 8
months old . they represented a variety of incomes and education . the researchers found that , in an average day , children hear about 1 3 , 0 0 0 spoken words from adults and participated in about 4 0 0 adult - child conversations a day .
ssessed separately , factors positively associated with language development
included each additional 1 0 0 conversations a day and each 1 , 0 0 0 word increase in the number of words spoken by adults and heard by children . when looked at alone , tv
was negatively associated with language development . but , when the three factors were analyzed together , the only one that stood out was conversation between adults and children
The more a child speaks and interacts with an adult , the better idea a parent has about where the child is , zimmerman said . although it ' s mostly done unconsciousl parents will provide feedback and correct mistakes . they ' also tailor their speech to the child . parents can give a child words by talking to them about what they re doin such as , ' putting on your pajamas now . but give your child the opportunity to talk . hopefully without the rest of the noise in the environment , she added " if parents can carve out some conversation time maybe at bath time or at dinner time - that ' sa wonderful thing
the researchers also found that tv viewing
a had a little effect on a childs language development
b could have a positive effect on a childs language development
c affected a child s language development both negatively and positively
d affected a child ' s language development more negatively than positively
|第17题：In 1990 a report was published about what the earth might be like 20 years from then on. The report was a result of a three year 1. According to the report, the picture of the earth in the year 2010 is not a 2 one. The world will be more 3 because the population will continue to grow. The population could be 4 6300 million, almost 2 150 million more than in 1985. More people would move into cities, especially cities in 5 countries.Cities likeCairo and Jakarta probably would 6 have 15 million by then. Food production will 7, but not enough to feed all the people. Farmers will grow 90% more food than they did in 1985, 8 most of the increase would be in countries that 9 produce enough food for their people. Little increase is 10 in SouthAsia,Africa and the MiddleEast. Poor farming ways are 11 large areas of crop land, changing farms into deserts. More farmland is 12 as cities become larger and more houses are built. 13 will get worse as industrial countries burn more coal and oil. Many of the worlds 14 could disappear as more and more trees are cut down.Energy will continue to be a serious problem. The experts say their picture of the earth for the year 2010 15. They only carried out the situation that 16 today.By changing the situation, by 17 the problems, the picture can be change|
D、There is 18 time for the nations of the world to work 19 a plan of action.But they warned that 20 too long to make decisions would greatly reduce the chances of success.
|第18题：Passage 2Nobody can tell exactly why people first began to use salt, 11.but it is wellknown that salt has used in many different ways 12.throughout history. People who lived over 3000 years ago ate salted13.fish. In ancientEgypt, salt was used to preserve dying bodies. 14.Stealing salt were regarded as a serious crime in different 15.times. In the 18th century, for example, a person was 16.caught stealing salt, he was put into the prison. In the 17.RomanEmpire, one of the most important road was built 18.specially for salt to be carried from the mines to Rome. Guards were sent to protect the salt from stolen.19.The guards got their pay in salt,from which theEnglish word “salary” originateD、Any guard fell asleep 20.while on duty was said to be “not worth his salt”.This is still used today inEnglish.|
|第20题：A People have flown kites in Japan for more than a thousand years．There are many different kinds of kites．Some look like bats，others look like birds．Most have pictures on them． There are many interesting stories about kites in Japan. One story is about a thief．He wanted to steal the gold from the top of a high tower． The thief and his friends made a large kite．One dark windy night，he caught hold of the kite．His friends raised it into the air．They moved the kite near the top of the tower． Then the thief was able to steal the golD、Another story is about a father and a son．They were in trouble on an island near Japan．The father made a large kite．His son flew back to Japan with the help of the kite． The young men of Japan have kite matches．When the kites are flying，the match starts．The young men try to break each others kite strings．The last kite left in the sky is the winner． Most kites in Japan_______．|
A、are very large
B．look like birds
C．have pictures on them
D．are very small