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教师资格证考试模拟试题(2019/8/13)
1题:提出“存在先于本质”这一代表存在主义哲学和文学命题的人是()。
A.马丁海德格尔
B.伊曼努尔康德
C.让保罗萨特
D.弗里德里希威廉尼采
【单选题】:      

2题:“自信、坚强、勤奋”描写的是人的哪种心理特征?(  )
A.气质
B.性格
C.能力
D.动机
【单选题】:      

3题:The common cold is the world’s most widespread illness, which is plagues that flesh receives.
The most widespread mistake of all is that colds are caused by colD、They are not. They are caused by viruses passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact, directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect theEskimos to suffer from them forever.But they do not.And in isolatedArctic regions explorers have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mail dropped from airplanes.
During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches, cold and wet, showed no increased tendency to catch colds.
In the Second World War prisoners at the notoriousAuschwitz concentration camp, naked and starving, were astonished to find that they seldom had colds.
At theCommonCold Research Unit inEngland, volunteers took part inExperiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wet for long stretches of time.After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion. Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose.
If, then, cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds, why are they more frequent in the winterDespite the most pains—taking research, no one has yet found the answer. One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on.
No one has yet found a cure for the colD、There are drugs and pain suppressors such as aspirin, but all they do is to relieve the symptoms.
The passage mainly discusses ______.
A、the experiments on the common cold
B、the fallacy about the common cold
C、the reason and the way people catch colds
D、the continued spread of common colds
【单选题】:      

4题:Lying in the sun on a rock, the cougar(美洲狮) saw Jeb and his son, Tom, before they saw it. Jeb put his bag down quickly and pulled his jacket open with both hands, making himself look big to the cougar. It workeD、The cougar hesitated, ready to attack Jeb, but ready to forget the whole thing, too.
Jeb took off his jacket, grasped Tom and held him across his body, making a cross. Now the cougar’ s enemy looked even bigger, and it rose up, ready to move away, but unfortunately Tom got scared and struggled free of JeB、
"Tom, No !" shouted his father.
But Tom broke and ran and that’ s the last thing you do with a cougar. The second Tom broke free, Jeb threw himself on the cougar, just as it jumped from the rock. They hit each other in mid-air and both fell. The cougar was on Jeb in a flash, forgetting about Tom, which was what Jeb wanteD、Cougars are not as big as most people think and a determined man stands a chance, even with just his fists.As the cougar’s claws got into his left shoulder, Jeb swung his fist at its eyes and hit harD、The animal howled(吼叫)and put its head back. Jeb followed up with his other fist. Then out of the comer of his eye, Jeb saw Tom. The boy was running back to help his father.
"Knife, Tom," shouted JeB、
The boy ran to his father’ s bag, while Jeb started shouting as well as hitting, to keep the cou-gar’s attention away from Tom. Tom got the knife and ran over to JeB、The cougar was moving its head in and out, trying to find a way through the wall. Jeb was making out of his arms. Tom swung with the knife, into the cougar’ s back. It howled horribly and ran off into the mountains.
How did Jeb try to hold the cougar’ s attention
A、By keeping shouting and hitting.
B、By making a wall out of his arms.
C、By throwing himself on the cougar.
D、By swinging his fists at the cougar’ s eyes.
【单选题】:      

5题:[教学材料] Topic:Do You LikeBananas Listen again. Fill in the blanks.题目:你喜欢香蕉吗 再听一遍录音并填空。[*]Answers(1. hamburgers, 2. hamburgers, 3. broccoli, 4. broccoli, 5. ice cream, 6.ice cream) [微教学实录简况] [T: teacher, Ss: Students,Bb: blackboard] Step1 (The teacher had a volleyball in hanD、T asked Ss questions quickly and wrote down the names of Ss and sports things on theBB、) (12 min. ) T: I don’t have a basketball. I have a volleyball. Tom, do you have a tennis racket Tom: Yes, I do. T: Jim, what sports things do you have Jim: I have a ping-pong ball. T: Lilei, do you have a soccer ball Lilei: No, I don’t. T: I have a TV. What other things do you have (T drew a picture of TV. ) Ss: Ping-pong bat, computer, chair, book,CD, alarm clock, key, pencil case... T: Well done! (T asked Ss to make sentences according to the information on theBB、) T: Now, let’s look at the blackboard and make some sentences. I say "I don’t have a basketball", and you say "Our teacher doesn’t have a basketball". I say "I have a volleyball", and you say "Our teacher has a volleyball". Lixing, make the third sentence... (T wrote sentences on theBB、) Lixing: Tom have a tennis racket. T: Is it correct No, we should say it like this "Tom has a tennis racket". We don’t put "have"after "He,She, Tom, Lucy... ". We should say "He has... , She has... , Tom has... , Lucy has... ". (T wrote the wrong sentence of Ss on theBb and corrected it. ) T: Next one, Lilei, please. Lilei: Jim has a ping-pong ball. T: Yes. ( T wrote it on theBB、) Next oue, Zhanghong, please. Zhanghong:Lilei don’t have a soccer ball. T: No, no, no. Wrong again. What is the correct answer The whole class. Ss: Lilei doesn’t have a soccer ball. T: Yes. (T wrote the correct answer on theBB、) Step 2 T began to teach the new section:"Do you like bananas 2b Listen again. Fill in the blanks. "... Step 3... Step 4... (1)请分析学生课堂回答错误的主要原因。 (2)针对学生在该课堂中回答错误的情况,教师应如何进行课堂学习评价和引导 (3)请依据新课程理念,对该教师教学过程的优缺点进行分析。
【分析题】:

6题:在”中学为体,西学为用”的思想指导下,我国从清末开始试图建立现代学制,在颁布的诸多学制中,第一次正式实施的是()

A。 壬寅学制 
B。 癸卯学制 
C。 壬子癸丑学制 
D。壬戌学制
【单选题】:      

7题:对学生学习成就的解释采用了相对的观点,主要用于选拔(如升学考试)或编组、编班的评价方法是( )。
A.形成性评价
C.标准参照评价
B.总结性评价
D.常模参照评价
【单选题】:      

8题:关于教育学科的定义方式,教育哲学家谢弗勒列举的定义性陈述是( )。
A.规定性定义
B.纲领性定义
C.概括性定义
D.描述性定义
【多选题】:      

9题:学习者通过观察其他人实施这种行为后所得到的结果来决定自己的行为指向,这是一种()。
A.替代强化
B、直接强化
C.自我强化
D、负强化
【单选题】:      

10题:简述行为改变的基本方法。
【分析题】:

11题:教育科学研究起源于( )。
A.科学研究
B.教育规律
C.教育理论
D.教育实践
【单选题】:      

12题:幼儿在拼搭“秋水广场”喷泉造型时遇到困难,便邀请老师一起参与解决。在师幼的共同努力下终于搭好了喷泉。大家开心极了。这体现了教师在指导幼儿活动区活动的角色是( )。
A、兴趣关注者
B.思考合作者
C.关系协调者
D.信息的导航者
【分析题】:

13题:既是国家发展战略的核心,又是提高综合国力的关键的是
A.提高自主创新能力,建设创新型国家
B.加快转变经济发展方式,推动产业结构优化升级
C.加强能源资源节约和生态环境保护,增强可持续发展能力
D.以经济建设为中心,促进经济又好又快发展
【单选题】:      

14题:Tim Richter and his wife, Linda, had taught for over 30 years nearBuffalo, New York—he in computers, she in special education. "Teaching means everything to us", Tim would say. InApril 1998, he learned he would need a heart operation. It was the kind of news that leads to some serious thinking about life’s purpose.
Not long after the surgery, Tim saw a brochure describing Imagination Library, a program started byDoily Patron’s foundation (基金会) that mailed a book every month to children from birth to age five in the singer’s home town of Sevier, Tennessee. "I thought, maybe Linda and I could do something like this when we retire," Tim recalls. He placed the brochure on his desk, "as a reminder."
Five years later, now retired and with that brochure still on the desk, Tim clicked on imagination library. The program had been opened up to partners who could take advantage of book and postage discounts.
The quality of the books was of great concern to the Richters. Rather than sign up online, they went toDollywood for a look-see. "We didn’t want to give the children rubbish," says Lind
A、The books-reviewed each year by teachers, literacy specialists andDollywood board members-included classics such asEzra Jack. Keats’s The SnowyDay and newer books likeAnnaDewdney’s Llama series.
Satisfied, the couple set up the Richter Family Foundation and got to work. Since 2004, they have shipped more than 12,200 books to preschoolers in their are
A、Megan Williams, a mother of four, is more than appreciative "This program introduces us to books I’ve never heard of."
The Richters spend about $400 a month sending hooks to 200 children. "Some people sit there and wait to die," says Tim. "Others get as busy as they can in the time they have left.\
According to the text,Dollly Parton is ______.

A、a well-known surgeonB、a mother of a four-year-old
C、a singer born in Tennessee D、a computer programmer
【单选题】:      

15题:
A、few years ago I had an "aha!" moment regarding handwriting.
I had in my hand a sheet of paper with handwritten instructions on it for some sort of editorial task. It occurred at first that I did not recognize the handwriting, and then I realized whose it must be. I finally became aware of the fact that I had been working with this colleague for at least a year, maybe two, and yet I did not recognize her handwriting at that point.
It was a very important event in the computerization of life—a sign that the informal. Friendly communication of people working together in an office had changed from notes in pen to instant messages and emails. There was a time when our workdays were filled with little letters, and we recognized one another’s handwriting the way we knew voices or faces.
As a child visiting my father’s office, I was pleased to recognize, in little notes on the desks of his staff, the same handwriting I would see at home in the notes he would leave on the fridge—except that those notes were signed "dad" instead of "RFW".
All this has been on my mind because of the talk about The Rise and Fall of Handwriting, a book by Florey. Sire shows in her book a deep concern about the fall of handwriting and the failure of schools to teach children to write well, but many others argue that people in a digital age can’t be expected to learn to hold a pen.
I don’t buy it. I don’t want to see anyone cut off from the expressive, personal associations that a pen still promotes better than a digital keyboard does. For many a biographer, part of really getting to know their subjects is learning to read their handwriting.
What some people advocate is teaching one of the many attractive handwritings based on the handwriting of 16th century Italy. That may sound impossibly grand—as if they want kids to learn to draw by copying classical paintings. However, they have worked in many school systems.
According to the author, handwritten notes ______.

A、are harder to teach in schools
B.attract more attention
C.are used only between friends
D.carry more message
【单选题】:      

16题:对学生的研究通常包括()。
A.研究学生身心发展的现状
B.研究学生集体的传统
C.研究学生个体的需要
D.研究学生的成长环境
E.研究学生的兴趣和个性差异
【多选题】:        

17题:下列不属于沿海开放港口的是( )。
A.大连
B.秦皇岛
C.湛江
D.汕头
【单选题】:      

18题:课程计划对教师有何指导意义?
【分析题】:

19题:简述遗传在人的发展中的作用。
【分析题】:

20题:简述小学德育具体目标的内容。
【分析题】:

 

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