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成人高考高起点模拟试题(2019/8/13)
1题:9.
A、started
B、closed
C、waited
D、needed
【单选题】:      

2题:( )40.
A、getting
B、coming
C、used
D、use
【单选题】:      

3题:不耻下问
【分析题】:

4题:根据提示写一篇记述在海滨度周末的日记,内容包括以下几点:初夏,风和日丽;有很多游人和小船,我
门捡贝壳(shell);日光浴(sun bathe)玩得很愉快。
注意:(1)行文要流暢;
(2)要符合日记的格式;
(3)词数为100左右。
【分析题】:

5题:If parents had three children in college how much could they borrow annually?
A、900
B、3,000
C、300
D、9,000
【单选题】:      

6题:下列哪部作品被鲁迅称为“史家之绝唱,无韵之离骚”的:()
A《自治通鉴》
B《世说新语》
C《诗经》
D《史记》
【单选题】:      

7题:At the University of Kansas art museum, scientists tested the effect of different colored walls on two groups of visitors to an exhibit of paintings. For the first group the room was painted white; for the second, dark brown. Movement of each group was followed by an electrical equipment under the carpet. The experiment showed that those who entered the dark brown walked more quickly, covered more area, and spent less time in the room than people in the white one.Dark brown made people more active, but the activity ended sooner. Not only the choice of colors but also the general appearance of a room affects those inside.Another experiment presented people with photographs of faces whose energy was to be commenteD、Three groups of people were used; each was shown the same photos, but each group was in an ordinary room—a nice office. The third was in a tastefully designed living room with carpeting. Results showed that the people in the beautiful room tend to give higher marks to the faces than those in the ugly room diD、Other studies that students do better on tests taken in comfortable room than in ordinary-looking or ugly rooms.
66. Which of the following is the best expression of the main idea of this passage?
People in beautiful rooms tend to give higher marks to photos of faces than people in ugly rooms
The color and general appearance of a room have a deeper effect on the behavior of the people in it
The University of Kansas has studied the effects of the color of room on people’s behavior
Beautifully furnished, light-coloured rooms make people more comfortable than ugly, dark rooms
67.According to the passage, we may conclude that the whiter a room is ________.

A、the longer people like to stay in itB、the sooner people in it will leave
C、the more active people in it will becomeD、the more excited people
68. What is referred to as the “general appearance” in this passage is ________.
how many broad windows a room has, through which sunlight might come in
the size of a room
whether there are beautiful walls in a room
what the room looks like
69. This passage provides us with _______.

A、a piece of scientific informationB、a normal lesson
C、an interesting testD、a piece of news
70.At least how many tests were carried out by the scientists referred to in this passage?

A、ThreeB、TwoC、Only oneD、No one knows
【分析题】:

8题:She never agree _______ you, did she?
A、to
B、with
C、in
D、at
【单选题】:      

9题:8.
A、glad    
B、sorry     
C、sad      
D、angry
【单选题】:      

10题:( )12.—There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well.—It _______ a comfortable journey.
A、can‘t be
B、shouldn’t be
C、mustn‘t have been
D、couldn’t have been
【单选题】:      

11题:六朝的______________ 、 ______________被称为“大谢”、“小谢”。
【填空题】:

12题:阅读下面文字,完成问题。
陆龟蒙《治家子言》中说:“吾祖始铸田器,岁东作必大售。”意思是他的祖辈是做农具的,每年春耕开始的时候,农具销量很大。有意思的是,文中的“东作”释为“春耕生产”。其实,不仅仅“东作”是“春耕”,在中国人的心目中,“东”这个方位词总是与“春”这个季节词联系在一起的。比如,在中国古代诗词中,“春风”就总是被说成是“东风”,像“相见时难别亦难,东风无力百花残”,还有“飒飒东风细雨来,芙蓉塘外有轻雷”,更有“东风随春归,发我枝上花”等,简直就是东风的解释了。
为什么在中国“东”这个方位词总是可以替换“春”这个季节词?这是中国的季风气候使然。简单地说,春夏来临,太阳很快地把热容量小的大陆晒热,陆地上的空气受热膨胀变轻而上升,气压变低;海洋由于热容量大,升温较慢,与同一时段的大陆比,海洋上气压相对较高,因此海洋上的空气向大陆流动。秋冬以后,这个过程正好相反,所谓季风就是指这样一年中方向有规律转变的海洋与大陆之间的大范围的空气流动。中国的东面是浩瀚的太平洋,西面是亚洲内陆。春天,有季风从东面或东南而来,因此,东风也就可以包含春风的意思。
但是仅仅这样说,还忽略了一个问题。因为东南西北这些地理方位词,都关涉到叙述者的位置。对有的人而言是东,但对另外的人来说却是西,南北亦然。对中国东部,尤其是中原地区而言,春天的风是从东面或东南面的大海吹来的,但是对于中国其他地区而言,季风或从西南的印度洋吹来,或从西北的北冰洋和大西洋吹来,因此春风就不应该是东风。另外,东南季风势力也有限,只能吹到大兴安岭——阴山——贺兰山——巴颜喀拉山-冈底斯山一线,此线以西,春风也都与东无关。东南季风吹到的内陆最深处,正是中国的农牧分界线。由此可见,中国人把春风叫东风是中原人的视角占有了话语主导权。就文化而言,中原地区农耕民族的文化是中国的主流文化,因此中原地区的视角就成了全中国的视角,并影响到中国人称春风为东风。在语言中,凡是涉及地理方位的词,都有一个话语权的问题,以谁的角度叙述,谁的视角方位词流行,就看谁的影响力大。
1.阅读第一段文字,下列理解符合原文意思的一项是
A、陆龟蒙将“东作”注释为“春耕生产”,这表明中国古代很重视农业生产。
B、在当代文化背景下,“东”与“春”的密切联系表现在生活中的各个领域。
C、作者列举中国古代诗词的例子意在表明,“东风”常常可以指代“春风”。
D、“东风随春归”意思是东风随春天而至,所以作者说可以用东风解释春风。
2.根据文章,下列理解和分析不正确的一项是
A、因为海洋的热容量总是比陆地大,所以空气总要从海洋流向陆地。
B、从总体来看,中国的气候受太平洋、印度洋及北冰洋的影响很大。
C、东南西北等地理方位的具体确认,是通过叙述者的位置来确定的。
D、在中国,大兴安岭、阴山、及冈底斯山等,是有标志意义的地理名词。
3.下列理解和分析,符合原文意思的一项是
A、方位词“东”总是与季节词“春”互相替代,这是中国文化中特有的现象。
B、亚洲内陆河太平洋在热容量上的差异,使中国的东南季风出现在春夏期间。
C、在古代中国,如果不掌握主导话语权,东南西北的方位指代就没办法明确。
D、受东南季风的影响,农耕民族的文化逐步成为了古代中国社会的主流文化。
4.对于中国人把“春风”叫“东风”的原因的理解,不符合原文意思的一项是
A、自然界的东南季风是中国境内春风的来源之一。
B、中原在地域辽阔的中国,长久拥有主导话语权。
C、西南季风以及西北季风对中国气候的影响微乎其微。
D、受农耕文化以及气候的影响,“东风”的说法比较广泛。
【分析题】:

13题:A、thrown
B、follow
C、brown
D、shown
【单选题】:      

14题:根据材料的有关内容,在“这说明”后续写句子。(5分)
【分析题】:

15题:47. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE、according to the passage?
A、Investing made his wealth grow effectively.
B、Investing enabled him to achieve his life goals.
C、Investing allowed him to pay off all his debts.
D、Investing helped him to reach financial independence.
【单选题】:      

16题:在下列选项中,朱自清《论气节》认为属于“节”的是()
A、敢作敢为
B、有所不为
C、积极的
D、战斗进取
【单选题】:      

17题:He’s a new comer. So we try to be as _______ to him as we coulD、
A、friend
B、friends
C、friendlyD、good friends
【单选题】:      

18题:As the journey was a long one, he took a friend with him for ________.
A、pleasure
B、entertainment
C、company
D、defence
【单选题】:      

19题:橐驼非能使木寿且孳也,能顺木之天以致其性焉尔。凡植木之性:其本欲舒,其培欲平,其土欲故,其筑欲密。既然已,勿动勿虑,去不复顾。其莳也若子,其置也若弃,则其天者全而其性得矣。故吾不害其长而已,非有能硕茂之也;不抑耗其实而已,非有能早而蕃之也。
问:(1)给这段文字划分层次,并概括其大意。
(2)郭橐驼种树的基本原理是什么?
(3)在郭橐驼种树的经验中,这个原理又体现为哪两个方面?
(4)结合全文看,作者强调的是哪一方面?
【分析题】:

20题:A、simply
B、fairly
C、reply
D、peacefully
【单选题】:      

 

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