|第2题：Mothers of young children hate（）in staying home and doing housework all day.|
D.go be caged
|第3题：We can rely on William to carry out this mission, for this judgment is always （）|
|第4题：The rising crime rate is ____ major concern of _____ society.（）|
A. the; the
B. a; /
C. a; the
D. /; the
|第5题： It will be hard for anyone to replace Mr. Ned,who is the（）of the company.|
|第6题：At my signal a taxi____beside me.|
|第8、9、10、11、12题：Disagreements among economists are legendary, but not on the issue of free trade. A recent survey of prominent economists-both conservative and liberal-concluded that "an economist who argues for restricting international trade is almost as common today as a physician who favors leeching."|
Why the consensus? International free trade, economists agree, makes possible higher standards of living all over the globe.
The case for free trade rests largely on this principle: as long as trade is voluntary, both partners benefit; otherwise they wouldn't trade. The buyer of a shirt, for example, values the shirt more than the money spent, while the seller values the money more. Both are better off because of the sale. Moreover, it doesn't matter whether the shirt salesman is from the United States or Hong Kong or anywhere else).
The vast majority of American manufactures face international competition. This competition forces companies to improve quality and cut costs. By contrast, protectionism encourages monopoly, lower quality and higher prices. Americans pay an enormous price for protectionism -- over '60 billion a year, or ' 1000 for a family of four. Thanks to protectionism, for example, American consumers pay twice the world price for sugar.
Free trade also makes the world economy more efficient, by allowing nations to capitalize on their strengths. The United States has an advantage in food production, for instance, while Saudi Arabia has an advantage in oil. The Saudis could undertake massive irrigation to become self-sufficient in food, but it is more economical for them to sell oil and purchase food from us. Similarly, we could become self-sufficient in petroleum by squeezing more out of oil sale. But it is much less costly to buy some of our oil from Saudi Arabia. Trade between our two countries improves the standard of living in both.
Protectionism is both wasteful and unjust. It taxes most heavily on the people who can least afford it. Thus, tariffs that raise the price of shoes burden the poor more than the rich. Despite the powerful case for free trade, the United States and the rest of the world have always been protectionist to some degree. This is because free trade benefits the general public, while protectionism benefits special-interest groups, which are better organized, better financed and more informed. To make matters worse, much of what we hear on this issue is misinformation spread by the special interests themselves.
31. The economists _______.
A. disagree whether to restrict free trade or not
B. agree on free trade
C. agree on the restriction if internal trade
D. hold different arguments because to their different interests
32. The two parties in a free trade ________.
A. do not care at all
B. care for different things
C. care for the things being traded
D. care for the same things
33. What is the author's attitude toward protectionism denoted from the 5th paragraph?
34. Why has protectionism always been exercised if it is wasteful and unjust? Because ________.
A. it helps to establish national industry of one's own
B. it can achieve an independent economy
C. it is favored by general public
D. it benefits some privileged few
35. According to the free trade principle, the author suggests that ______.
A. U.S. explore its oil shale
B. Saudi Arabia build its own industry
C. Saudi Arabia import food from U.S.
D. U.S. becomes more self-sufficient in food
|第13题：Careful questioning of the suspect will eventually（） the truth.|
|第16题：Mr. Ralph has just received an invitation from that university to join|
（）as a full professor.
|第18题：The fire（）a lot of smoke but little damage was caused.|
|第19题： The kid is reaching（）a bottle from the shelf when I came in.|
|第20题：Some of the most, important problems in physics （） their success to these mathematics systems.|
|第21题：You （）this exercise in written form. I'll give you the key.|
A. don't need doing
B. needn't doing
C. don't need to do
D. needn't to do
|第23、24、25、26、27题：Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:|
Every day,thousands of managers,bankers,sales executives,lawyers,accountants,and
other professionals are driven to anger and despair by the hard realities of the changing world of work.The oncesolid foundation for millions of middleclass families—the corporate career—is in shambles.The Organization Man of the 1950s and 1960s is being replaced by the migrant manager and freelance professional of the 1990s.
The pain of change is all around us.Corporations are rushing to cut costs and downsize before year end.They want to take their lumps in 1991,in preparation for a stronger recovery in 1992.That means an unusual powerful wave of layoffs will sweep through the U.S. during the last quarter of 1991.Already,the drumbeat of bad news is growing louder.
Whitecollar workers will join the growing ranks of oncesecure employees who are finding themselves on the outside—alone,afraid,and angry.Who doesn ' t have a brother or a sister,a parent or a friend who has lost a job recently?The economic recovery will ease the pain,but it won't stop it.Forces of fierce global competition and industrial consolidation are compelling corporations to cut entire layers of middle managers and whole categories of professional staff.Few companies can hide from the intense pressure of international competition anymore.
36. The changing world of work is making American managers and professionals__.
A.helpless B.desperate C.angry D.both B and C
37. The corporate career is the foundation for
A.bankers B.lawyers and accountants
C.all top managers D.millions of middleclass families
38. In order to get a stronger recovery,corporations are____.
A.reducing their sizes B.cutting costs
C.laying off employees D.all above
39. Whitecollar workers will be_____.
A.on the inside B.on the outside
C.afraid and angry D.both B and C
40. American corporations are_____.
A.free from international competition.
B.immune to industrial consolidation.
C.under the intense pressure of international competition.
D.stopping the pain of industrial consolidation.